2014-16 Strategic Plan
Grants to Localities [790]

Supporting individuals by promoting recovery, self-determination, and wellness in all aspects of life

 

A life of possibilities for all Virginians

 

Focus First on Individuals Receiving Services

Our decisions and actions consider first the best interests of individuals who receive services and their families. We respect the potential and capacity of each individual who receives services. We value and support the healing and recovery process.

Responsiveness to External and Internal Customers

We seek input and involvement from our customers. We share ideas and remain open to different opinions. We listen to and respect what our customers say and respond promptly to their requests.

Partnership and Collaboration

We create opportunities for partnerships, encourage teamwork, and support each other to succeed. We accept shared ownership and seek win-win (mutually acceptable) solutions. We communicate openly and clearly. We are willing to take risks as we look for creative solutions and new ways of solving problems. We make decisions and resolve problems at the level closest to the issue.

Professionalism, Integrity, and Trust

We recognize and celebrate individual and team successes. We use valid data that reflect best practices and positive results and outcomes. We take responsibility for ourselves, for our actions, and for how these actions affect others. We develop a supportive and learning environment and work continuously to improve the quality of the services we provide. We keep our word and deliver what we promise. We incorporate our values into everyday decisions.

Stewardship

We protect the assets and interests of the entire services system. We value and take care of staff. We use the Commonwealth’s resources in the most effective and efficient manner.

 
Financial Overview

Community service boards (CSBs) are funded with 83% general fund dollars and 17% federal funds. Federal funds are derived from block grants (Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Community Mental Health Services), other grants for substance abuse and mental health services, and Early Intervention grant funds for infants and toddlers with developmental delay.

CSBs also receive funds from other sources such as local funds, Medicaid, other fees, and other revenues.  These funds are not appropriated to CSBs and, therefore, are not included in these tables. Expenditures for 2014 indicate that 66% of funds are directly tied to programs while 34% is unearmarked funding distributed directly to CSBs.

Biennial Budget
2015
General Fund
2015
Nongeneral Fund
2016
General Fund
2016
Nongeneral Fund
Initial Appropriation for the Biennium287,332,70961,679,447307,170,08961,679,447
Changes to Initial Appropriation0000
(Changes to Initial Appropriation will be 0 when the plan is created. They will change when the plan is updated mid-biennium.)
 
Anticipated Changes to Customer Base

Virginia's population is increasing, becoming more culturally diverse and growing older.  The customer base for community mental health, developmental, and substance-use disorder services is expected to change to reflect these demographic trends.  Proportionately greater numbers of individuals seeking community services will have:

  • significant or complex needs or will experience serious medical conditions or behavioral challenges requiring specialized services and supports;
  • co-occurring combinations of mental illness, substance-use disorders, or intellectual or other developmental disability; or
  • involvement with the criminal justice system.

Increasing numbers will be veterans experiencing behavioral health issues or individuals with older care givers who will require community developmental services to enable them to continue to reside in their homes or other community settings.

Current Customer List
Predefined GroupUser Defined GroupNumber Served AnnuallyPotential Number of Annual CustomersProjected Customer Trend
ConsumerIndividuals receiving CSB developmental services20,24826,399Increase
ConsumerIndividuals receiving CSB mental health services112,121180,176Stable
ConsumerIndividuals receiving CSB substance-use disorder services34,38246,632Increase
ConsumerIndividuals receiving CSB emergency or ancillary services126,035130,152Increase
ChildInfant and toddlers and their families served in Part C early intervention services16,20018,247Increase
 
NameDescription
Federal agenciesThe Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services awards grants that support community mental health and substance abuse prevention and treatment services and provides technical assistance to DBHDS and CSBs about requirements associated receipt of the grant funds. The federal Office of Special Education Programs provides federal funds to DBHDS, as the lead state agency for the Part C program, for infant and toddler early intervention services.
Local agenciesLocal governments establish CSBs and approve CSB performance contracts. They provide financial resources to CSBs to match state funds, and may provide CSB administrative services.
Local governmentsLocal agencies such as school systems, social services, health departments, and area agencies on aging are critical partners in the provision of behavioral health and developmental services. These agencies provide auxiliary grants for assisted living facilities, various social services, health care, vocational training, housing assistance, and Part C early intervention services.
Individuals receiving services, family members, and advocacy organizationsCSBs work closely with individuals receiving services and their families to assure their active and meaningful involvement in the delivery of services and supports and in discharge planning. Individuals receiving services, advocacy organizations, and peer and family groups also provide important feedback to CSBs on service needs and issues. Some individuals and family members serve on CSB boards.
Private providers (for profit and non-profit organizations)Private providers contract with CSBs to provide community services and provide Medicaid home and community-based waiver services.
Community services boards and behavioral health authority (CSBs)DBHDS funds, contracts with, provides consultation to, monitors, licenses, and regulates CSBs. CSBs participate in policy, planning, and regulatory development for the services system.
 
• Implement self-determination, empowerment, recovery, resilience, and person-centered core values at all levels of the behavioral health and developmental services system through policy and practices that reflect the unique circumstances of individuals receiving services and supports.
Summary and Alignment
Community services boards (CSBs) are established by the 134 local governments in Virginia under Chapters 5 or 6 of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia and may serve single or multiple jurisdictions. Chapter 5 of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia authorizes the establishment and operation of CSBs by local governments to provide community behavioral health and developmental services and authorizes DBHDS to fund CSBs; and Chapter 6 of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia authorizes the establishment and operation of a behavioral health authority (BHA) by a specified city or county to provide community behavioral health and developmental services and authorizes DBHDS to fund a BHA. CSBs provide services directly and through contracts with private providers, which are vital partners in delivering behavioral health and developmental services. As the single points of entry into publicly funded behavioral health and developmental services, CSBs provide access to state facility services through preadmission screening, case management and coordination of services and supports, and discharge planning for individuals leaving state facilities. This goal transforms and strengthens community behavioral health and developmental services by incorporating core principles of recovery and resilience for persons with a mental health or substance use disorder and self-determination for those with a developmental disability.
Associated State Goal
Health & Family: Inspire and support Virginians toward healthy lives and strong and resilient families.
Associated Societal Indicator
Life Expectancy
Objectives
» Implement a recovery-oriented, person-focused, and needs-based system of community behavioral health and developmental services system.
Description
This objective supports the statewide implementation of behavioral health initiatives that promote recovery support services and increase use of peers in direct service roles. It also facilitates the realization of a more person-focused and needs-based system of developmental services and supports that build on the individuals’ strengths, preferences, and goals.

Objective Strategies
• Implement a Recovery Oriented System of Care (ROSC) in which services and supports are provided in the most integrated settings, not separated from the communities in which individuals live and in the least restrictive manner, by a fully integrated and trained workforce, including peers and other providers.

• Increase the statewide availability of a consistent array of community behavioral health services that promote recovery and resilience, self-determination, and community participation.

• Expand family supports and other initiatives that allow individuals receiving developmental services and supports to have control over how their service dollars are spent.

• Participate in the Bringing Recovery Supports to Scale Technical Assistance Center Strategy (BRSS TCS) process to bring peers, advocates, families, providers, state agencies and other stakeholders together to monitor and report on progress in achieving a recovery-oriented system of care.

• Train and support public and private behavioral health providers aimed at increasing their use of peer support specialists and promoting effective collaborations with independent peer programs.

• Develop and expand a wide range of recovery-oriented peer services and peer provided recovery supports delivered through CSBs and peer-operated programs.

• Increase the basic knowledge and competency of public and private behavioral health services providers in the use of recovery evidence-based and best practices, including psychiatric advance directives.

• Expand opportunities for individuals and their families to participate as partners in all aspects of service planning, delivery, and evaluation.

• Engage in and collaborate with community stakeholders (social services, schools, medical community, corrections, and employers) in developing and supporting recovery-focused communities.

• Train and support behavioral health services providers in the integration of recovery values, principles, concepts, and language into services policies, processes, and structures.

• Support community-based prevention planning coalitions at the local level to implement strategies that reduce exposure to risk and enhance protective factors.

• Build and sustain services capacity necessary to provide person-centered services and supports when and where they are needed, in appropriate amounts, and for appropriate durations.
Summary and Alignment
This goal envisions statewide availability of a consistent array of individualized, person-centered, and family-focused behavioral health and developmental services and supports that enable individuals to participate as fully as possible in all aspects of community life. No matter where they may live in Virginia, people will have access to quality, consistent behavioral health and developmental services that exemplify clinical and management best and promising practices. Services and supports are centered on the individual’s unique needs and strengths and provided as close to the individual’s home and natural supports as possible. This includes supports that incorporate the needs of the whole individual, from medical care to housing and employment.
Associated State Goal
Health & Family: Inspire and support Virginians toward healthy lives and strong and resilient families.
Associated Societal Indicator
Life Expectancy
Objectives
» Increase the statewide availability of a consistent array of community substance-use disorder services that promote recovery and resilience, self-determination, and community participation.
Description
Individuals with even the most debilitating substance-use disorders can and do recover and go on to live productive, self-directed lives in their communities. This objective supports the expansion of community substance-use disorder services that promote recovery and enable individuals to attain their highest achievable level of health and wellness. Regardless of where they live in Virginia, people should have timely access to a consistent array of quality substance-use disorder prevention and early intervention services that prevent or reduce the need for more intensive interventions.

Objective Strategies
• Increase access to an adequate and more consistent array of substance-use disorder services, including medication assisted treatment, intensive outpatient services, case management, detoxification beds, and residential treatment for pregnant women and women with dependent children and enhanced uniform screening and assessment.

• Expand integrated assessment and treatment services for individuals with co-occurring mental illnesses and substance-use (alcohol or other drug dependence or abuse) disorders.

• Develop community treatment and support services tailored to divert young (juvenile and young adult) nonviolent offenders from incarceration and provide treatment to those who are released back to the community.

• Increase Project Link sites that provide intensive, coordinated interagency care for pregnant and post-partum women who are using drugs.

• Continue to build and sustain collaborative relationships with other agencies at the state level to provide services to individuals with substance-use disorders.

• Expand substance-use disorder peer recovery programs that provide group support, housing and employment assistance, day activity, and links to community resources.

• Expand the availability of specialized vocational rehabilitation counselors to provide services to individuals receiving treatment for substance-use disorders through CSBs.

• Enhance the core competencies of persons who provide case management services to promote consistency in the practice of case management across Virginia.

• Explore the feasibility of implementing the Network to Improve Addiction Treatment (NIATx) systems engineering model to improve the efficient use of resources and highlight operational policies and procedures that hamper successful treatment.

• Provide structured, safe, sober living environments for adults who are actively engaged in treatment as a “step down” from detoxification or residential services.

• Provide training to increase the basic knowledge and competency of public and private substance-user disorder services providers in the use of evidence-based and best practices.

• Support community-based prevention planning coalitions at the local level to implement strategies that reduce exposure to risk and enhance protective factors.

» Ensure the statewide availability of a consistent array of community mental health services that promote recovery and resilience, self-determination, and community integration.
Description
Individuals with even the most severe mental illnesses can and do recover and go on to live productive, self-directed lives in their communities. This objective supports the expansion of community mental health services that promote recovery and enable individuals to attain their highest achievable level of health and wellness. Regardless of where they live in Virginia, people should have timely access to a consistent array of quality mental health prevention and early intervention services that prevent or reduce the need for more intensive interventions. Individuals in crisis and those with severe or complex conditions should be able to easily access crisis and community inpatient services and supports that would prevent or reduce the use of more intensive interventions such as hospitalization or involvement in the public safety system.

Objective Strategies
• Increase access to prevention and early intervention supports that are integrated with family, the community, and other human services supports.

• Increase access to mental health treatment services to include intensive case management, outpatient counseling, in-home supports, psychiatric services and medication management, PACT (Program of Assertive Community Treatment), peer support, and wrap-around services.

• Increase access to an adequate and more consistent continuum of emergency, crisis stabilization, psychiatric evaluations, therapeutic drop-off centers for law enforcement, and local purchase of hospital beds.

• Increase access to a consistent basic array of child-centered and family-focused child and adolescent mental health services.

• Develop and implement community services for youth who are transitioning from children’s services to young adult (ages 17-24) services.

• Expand integrated assessment and treatment services for individuals with co-occurring mental illnesses and substance-use (alcohol or other drug dependence or abuse) disorders.

• Implement new service initiatives that include child psychiatry through face-to-face telepsychiatry and consultation to pediatric and primary care providers.

• Create opportunities that emphasize integrated and supported employment for individuals with mental health disorders.

• Expand housing and supports options for individuals with mental health disorders.

• Enhance the core competencies of persons who provide case management services to promote consistency in the practice of case management across Virginia.

• Expand the array and capacity of jail diversion services, including pre-and post-booking, pre-trial alternatives, and community treatment services that prevent or divert individuals from incarceration.

• Expand outpatient restoration services to assure that defendants receive appropriate active treatment to restore competence in jails and community settings and providing funds for outpatient restoration services.

• Expand jail-based behavioral health services that reduce demand for secure forensic treatment and prevent re-hospitalization of inmates.

• Expand the Cross-Systems Mapping process to more communities to enable community behavioral health and public safety systems to better understand experiences of individuals involved with both systems, identify service gaps, explore opportunities for diversion or system improvements, and develop local action plans.

• Support local law enforcement interventions to prevent individuals who are in crisis from involvement in the criminal justice system by providing Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training, promoting CIT program development and outcomes measurement, and establishing police reception and drop-off centers.

• Support the development of community alternatives, including transitional housing, to improve the flow-through of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity (NGRI) acquittees and decrease their need for prolonged hospitalization.

• Collaborate with community providers of aging services and community organizations to raise awareness of the behavioral health service needs of older adults and develop a comprehensive, community-based continuum of specialized services for older adults in Virginia.

• Provide specialized training to CSB clinicians on challenges confronting veterans and their families, including PTSD and the behavioral health effects of traumatic injuries.

• Implement a children’s behavioral health workforce development initiative to increase consistency in public and private providers’ knowledge and skills and support implementation of the comprehensive service array in a manner consistent with best practice standards.

• Expand CSB partnerships and cross-referral networks with free clinics, federally funded health centers, and other providers of primary care services.

» Implement person-centered community developmental services and supports that will enable individuals to live lives that are fully integrated in the community.
Description
This objective supports the expansion of community-based developmental services and supports that promote self-determination and enable individuals to attain their highest achievable level of health and wellness; are provided in the most integrated settings appropriate to the individuals’ needs and consistent with their informed choice; and offer opportunities for individuals to engage in meaningful activities and for integration in all aspects of their lives (e.g., living arrangements, work and other day activities, access to community services and activities, and opportunities for relationships with non-paid individuals).

Objective Strategies
• Develop community-based developmental services and supports pursuant to implementing agreed-upon plans with the U.S. Department of Justice

• Expand housing and supports options for individuals with intellectual disability.

• Create opportunities that emphasize integrated and supported employment for individuals with intellectual disability.

• Provide 24/7 support to individuals in crisis and their families through regional mobile support teams that provide in-home supports, crisis services, and proactive planning to avoid crises.

• Provide crisis services to individuals under 18 with intellectual or developmental disabilities.

• Participate actively in discharge planning and transition from training centers, including pre-move and post-move monitoring processes and support individuals moving from training centers to new homes in the community.

• Develop community respite alternatives to training centers.

• Enhance the core competencies of persons who provide case management services to promote consistency in the practice of case management across Virginia.

• Expand Part C early intervention services for infants and toddlers (ages 0-3) and their families to prevent or alleviate later developmental or learning problems.

• Assist individuals on the ID or DD waiver wait lists and their families to access resources, supports, services, and other assistance through the Individual and Family Support Program.

• Improve the quality and effectiveness of developmental services through oversight of program performance and services recipient outcomes.

• Support efforts with partners to provide information to the public about autism spectrum disorders, offer ongoing education and additional training, and expand access to early diagnosis and intervention resources.

 

Community mental health, developmental, and substance-use disorder services provided by or through CSBs include:

  • Emergency services;
  • Acute psychiatric and substance use disorder inpatient services, including medical detoxification;
  • Outpatient services, including counseling and psychotherapy, medication services, intensive outpatient substance-use disorder services, intensive in-home services, assertive community treatment, medication-assisted treatment, and behavior management;
  • Case management  services;
  • Day support services, including day treatment or partial hospitalization, ambulatory crisis stabilization, rehabilitation, and habilitation;
  • Employment services, including individual supported, group supported, and sheltered employment;
  • Residential services, including highly intensive - residential treatment centers, residential detoxification, and intermediate care facilities for individuals with intellectual disability; residential crisis stabilization; intensive - group homes, primary care, intermediate rehabilitation, and long-term habilitation; supervised - supervised apartments, domiciliary care, emergency shelter or respite, and sponsored placements; and supportive - supported living arrangements and housing subsidies;
  • Prevention services; and
  • Ancillary services, including motivational treatment, consumer monitoring, assessment and evaluation, and early intervention services.

Most, but not all CSBs provide Medicaid waiver services, Part C services, and peer services.

The Individual and Family Support Program (IFSP) provides up to $3,000 per year to eligible individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities on waiver waiting lists and their families to purchase a wide array of supports, services, and other assistance that enable individuals to continue to live at home.

 

Important measures of performance of community behavioral health and developmental services involve the intensity of case management services and the retention of individuals in SA services.

  • Active engagement of individuals in case management services allow case managers to observe and assess individuals’ needs and preferences; ascertain if supports and services are being implemented appropriately; and determine if supports and services remain appropriate or should be changed.
  • Intensity of engagement by adults with serious mental illness in mental health case management services is measured by the percentage of individuals during the past year who received at least six hours of services within three months.
  • Provision of in-home developmental case management services to specific groups receiving face-to-face visits under the settlement agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice reflects the degree to which individuals are actively engaged.
  • One of the principles of effective treatment of substance-use disorders is that an individual's involvement in on-going treatment significantly reduces or stops drug use and that the best outcomes occur with longer durations of treatment.  Because individuals often leave treatment prematurely, programs should include strategies to engage and keep patients in treatment.  Retention in services is measured by the percentage of individuals during the past year who remain engaged for at least five months.
  • DBHDS is using two measures of the ability of CSBs to implement new requirements related to civil temporary detention orders (TDOs). These measures specifically track the number of temporary detention orders (TDOs) for which state facilities served as the last resort because a community facility was not found at the end of emergency custody order (ECO) period, and the rate of state hospital civil TDO admissions. The 2014 General Assembly amended the Code of Virginia to require state hospitals to accept civil TDO admissions if other alternatives have not been identified within the eight hour emergency custody order period. Based on data to date, this legislation has already resulted in a significant increase in TDO admissions to state hospitals.

A measure of productivity for this service area involves the DBHDS labor cost per CSB payment.  Payments to CSBs are made on a bi-weekly basis. This measure will track the average cost of staff time to process a payment to a CSB.

 
Authorized Maximum Employment Level (MEL)          0
Salaried Employees0
Wage Employees          0
Contracted Employees          0
 

Several factors will have a significant effect on community services providers over the next four years.

  • Mental health services system reforms:  The services system is multifaceted, extremely complex, and may be difficult to navigate for individuals in crisis and families who are seeking assistance. It also is challenging for providers because it requires effective communication and collaboration among many partners, including CSBs and private hospitals, law enforcement, and the judicial system.  The Governor’s Task Force on Improving Mental Health Services and Crisis Response is currently developing recommendations for system improvement and the Joint Subcommittee to Study Mental Health Services in the Commonwealth in the 21st Century created by the 2014 session of the General Assembly is currently studying the Commonwealth’s behavioral health services system.  Implementation of potentially significant system reforms emanating from these efforts may change how the current system operates.
  • Inadequate behavioral health service capacity: Although mental health is a crucial component of individual and community wellness, access to needed community behavioral health services varies significantly across the state. Service availability is limited by notable gaps in important basic services such as crisis, emergency, acute inpatient, outpatient, case management, and psychiatry services and recovery-focused housing and employment supports. In particular, the prevention and early intervention system is underdeveloped and very few targeted investments in recent years went to early intervention. Despite the infusion of dollars after crises (around $34.5 million in new money over the past ten year period or under $23 million if adjusted for inflation), competing priorities and budget cuts in recent years resulted in significant set-backs that have made it difficult to maintain consistent and robust development of services. Even with funds provided by the 2014 General Assembly to expand crisis, local inpatient, assertive treatment, and other priority services, continued investments in innovative, evidence-based mental health and substance-use disorder services programs, particularly trauma-informed crisis management and interventions focused on prevention and early intervention, are needed to address capacity issues.
  • Inadequate developmental service capacity: To meet the requirements of the Commonwealth’s settlement agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), major expansion of new or enhanced waiver slots, work and housing supports, and crisis services is required to support individuals who are living in the community and those who are transitioning from training centers to the community.  As of July 2, 2014, there were 7,173 individuals on the community intellectual disability waiver waiting list and 1,481 individuals on the community developmental disabilities waiver waiting list.
  • Implementation of Health Care Reforms:  Increasingly, CSBs and private providers are being affected by new service delivery requirements associated with Medicaid care coordination and managed behavioral care initiatives.  The low income threshold for Medicaid presents challenges for providing services for uninsured and underinsured individuals. Changes resulting from potential health care reforms include the loss of CSB general fund dollars that now support services to individuals who would become eligible for Medicaid services if coverage were expanded; provider workforce capacity pressures resulting from increasing demands for services by newly insured enrollees and Medicaid enrollees; and potential changes to the arrays of federal mental health and substance abuse block grant services.
 
General Information About Ongoing Status of Agency

DBHDS is working with CSBs and other community service providers to:

  • Implement principles of recovery and resiliency principles and recovery support services across Virginia;
  • Expand access to behavioral health care, including trauma-informed crisis stabilization and related services for adults and children and adolescents, comprehensive and integrated children’s programs, community-based services to individuals residing in state hospitals who have been determined clinically ready for discharge, additional drop-off centers to provide an alternative to incarceration for individuals with serious mental illness, new Programs of Assertive Community Treatment (PACT) teams and additional mental health inpatient treatment purchased in community hospitals, and to expand telepsychiatry services;
  • Provide flexible and individualized developmental services and supports that keep families intact and reduce the need for costly out-of-home placements, including enhanced case management/care coordination, crisis services for adults and children and adolescents with developmental disabilities, and expanded opportunities for integrated housing and competitive employment;
  • Implement improvements to the civil commitment process and new state hospital admission protocols based on new laws passed by the 2014 session of the General Assembly; and
  • Improve service provider transparency and accountability the CSB-DBHDS performance contract and finance and program audits, DBHDS licensing of services and human rights protections, risk management and quality improvement processes, monitor outcomes, and document the effectiveness of their services. 

In addition, oversight and accountability of CSB services include certification of Medicaid services by the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), accreditation by national agencies, and investigations by the Virginia Inspector General’s Office.

Information Technology

The 40 CSBs maintain many of their own information technology (IT) systems.  However, they do rely on DBHDS central office for core systems such as the Community Automated Reporting System (CARS) to provide semi-annual reporting on performance contract financial metrics, the Community Consumer Submission (CCS3) system to report basic demographic and services data monthly on individuals served by the CSBs, and the Intellectual Disabilities Online System (IDOLS) for waiver enrollments, service authorizations, and determinations regarding retaining slots.  

CSBs have purchased electronic health record information systems from various vendors; Credible (14), Unicare (10), and Anasazi (8) have the greatest presence. Almost all CSBs have implemented certified EHRs, and the remaining CSBs are in the process of doing so. CSBs are also in varying stages of pursuing meaningful use certification and funding.

While all large and many medium budget size CSBs have in-house IT staff, some medium and most small CSBs do not. This poses challenges to those CSBs, particularly regarding data quality and using data for management purposes. The added data reporting requirements associated with the DOJ settlement agreement are imposing significant workload burdens on CSB IT systems as well as service staff.

Given the variety of IT system platforms and the difficulties CSBs have in sharing data among themselves, statewide service and financial data is not readily available to CSBs, and the absence of a statewide data warehouse hosted by DBHDS and accessible to CSBs only exacerbates this situation.

Estimate of Technology Funding Needs
Workforce Development

Operating CSBs and the BHA maintain their own human resources management and development systems, while administrative policy boards are part of their local government systems. Many CSBs, especially those not part of local governments, face continuing challenges in attracting and retaining well-qualified staff due to lack of resources for adequate compensation. Additionally, some rural CSBs face special challenges in attracting staff to their areas. CSB recruitment and retention issues are further exacerbated by the lack of state funding for salary increases in recent years.

All CSBs will face challenges in adapting to and complying with their employer responsibilities under the Affordable Care Act related to health insurance. While all large and many medium size CSBs have in-house HRM staff, some medium and most small CSBs do not. This poses challenges to those CSBs in effectively managing their human resources.

Physical Plant

Operating CSBs and the BHA maintain their own buildings.  Ownership and leasing arrangements vary for the 13 group homes funded through DBHDS and constructed in Health Planning Region V (Eastern Virginia) for individuals with intellectual disabilities who are leaving Southeastern Virginia Training Center.  Similarly, DBHDS has approved funding of 13 homes for individuals who are leaving Central Virginia Training Center.  Eight of these homes have been constructed; one is in the final design with construction to begin in the summer.  No additional state funded and managed projects are planned at this time.  The use of remaining funds to provide additional housing in the community utilizing alternative methods is ongoing.

NOTE:  This is one of five DBHDS Executive Progress Reports. See Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services (720); Mental Health Treatment Centers (792); Intellectual Disabilities Training Centers (793); and Virginia Center for Behavioral Rehabilitation (794).

 
TitleFile Type
 

Community Substance Abuse Services [44501]

Community Substance Abuse Services funds public community substance-use disorder treatment services provided by 39 community services boards and one behavioral health authority, hereafter referred to as CSBs, throughout Virginia.  CSBs also offer prevention services that are aimed at substantially reducing the incidence of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug dependency and abuse. These services are integrated with other direct services and supports at the local level for individuals with special needs or those receiving services from multiple agencies, including adults and children or adolescents with co-occurring disorders such as mental illness and substance-use disorders, and individuals who are hospitalized or involved in the criminal justice system.

 

Community substance-use disorder services support the statewide implementation of services that promote recovery and build on individuals' strengths, preferences, and goals. 

 
Description of Major Products and Services
  • Emergency services;
  • Acute substance-use disorder inpatient services, including community-based medical detoxification inpatient services;
  • Outpatient services, including counseling and psychotherapy, intensive outpatient services, and medication-assisted treatment;
  • Case management services;
  • Day support services, including ambulatory crisis stabilization, rehabilitation, and day treatment or partial hospitalization;
  • Residential services, including supportive (e.g., supported living arrangements and housing subsidies, supervised (e.g., supervised apartments, and emergency shelter or respite), intensive (e.g., primary care, intermediate rehabilitation, and long–term habilitation, and group homes), crisis stabilization, and highly intensive (e.g., detoxification) services;
  • Prevention services; and
  • Limited services, including motivational treatment, consumer monitoring, assessment and evaluation, and early intervention services.
Anticipated Changes

Implementation of recovery-oriented services and supports will incorporate person-centered and trauma informed practices and provide greater integration between peers and providers across various components of the behavioral health services system and with other health, education, and social services systems.  The number of recovery support services, peer provided services and supports, and peer support workers will continue to increase. Federal Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment block grant funds will be focused on priority areas such as integration of behavioral health and primary health, co-occurring mental illness and substance-use disorders, self-directed care, and prevention and promotion of wellness.

Implementation of integrated primary care and behavioral health care delivery models across Virginia will allow primary care and behavioral health providers with specific clinical expertise to work together to treat the entire person and to emphasize wellness and preventive care, which will improve service quality and outcomes

Implementation of Medicaid behavioral health managed care will provide oversight to the community behavioral health provider network, authorize services not currently provided through Medicaid MCOs, and reimburse providers for services delivered.

Administration by medications such as naloxone (Narcon®) by trained lay people will prevent overdose deaths.

Factors Impacting

Untreated substance-use disorders cost Virginia millions of dollars in cost-shifting to the criminal justice system, the health care system, and lost productivity, not to mention the human suffering and effects on family and friends. Patterns of drug use reflect an increased prevalence of prescription drug abuse and dependence and deaths related to misuse of prescription drugs and to illegal (street) drugs are increasing.  Dramatic problems associated with underage drinking and substance misuse and addiction, including abuse of prescription drugs, will put enormous pressure on the services system.  Improved assessment and screening of adults and children with co-occurring disorders will increase demands for integrated services to treat these co-occurring conditions.

Demands for community substance-use disorder services are expected to increase as Virginia's population grows and more individuals who now have affordable insurance coverage under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act’s Health Benefit Exchanges (marketplaces) seek needed services.  In addition, a significant proportion of adults and juveniles in the criminal justice system have identified issues associated with substance misuse and addiction that, if not addressed, considerably increase the risk of recidivism.  Evidence-based substance-use disorder treatment services are not widely accessible, especially to the majority of offenders returning to the community.

Access to an adequate and more consistent array of substance-use disorder services will continue to be a challenge, particularly case management, intensive outpatient services, medication assisted treatment, detoxification beds, and residential treatment for pregnant women and women with dependent children. Lack of supported living services that provide a safe place to live is a frequent barrier to sobriety, as people with substance-use disorders have frequently alienated friends and family and lack income.

 

This service area is funded with 57% general fund dollars and 43% federal funds. The federal funds are from the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment (SAPT) Block Grant that is passed through to community programs. CSBs also receive funds from other sources such as local funds, Medicaid, other fees, and other revenues which are not appropriated to CSBs and are not included in this table. Expenditures for 2014 indicate that 54% of funds are directly tied to programs while 46% is unearmarked funding distributed directly to CSBs.

Biennial Budget
2015
General Fund
2015
Nongeneral Fund
2016
General Fund
2016
Nongeneral Fund
Initial Appropriation for the Biennium55,257,57241,019,44755,257,57241,019,447
Changes to Initial Appropriation0000
 
TitleFile Type
 

Community Mental Health Services [44506]

Community Mental Health Services funds public community mental health services provided by 39 community services boards and one behavioral health authority, hereafter referred to as CSBs, throughout Virginia. CSBs also provide preadmission screening of all requests for involuntary inpatient treatment in state hospitals or other facilities. Each CSB provides discharge planning for all individuals who reside or will reside in cities or counties served by the CSB before they are discharged from state hospitals.

Community mental health services are integrated with other direct services and supports at the local level for individuals with special needs or those receiving services from multiple agencies, including children or adolescents and their families, persons with co-occurring disorders such as mental illness and substance use (alcohol or other drug dependence or abuse) disorders, and adults or children who are hospitalized or involved in the criminal justice system.

Several consumer-run, non-profit organizations provide a few direct services under separate contracts with the Department.

This service area also funds CSBs to support the implementation of conditional release orders, pursuant to § 19.2-182.7 of the Code of Virginia, for individuals who have been acquitted by reason of insanity.

 

Community mental health services support the statewide implementation of services that promote recovery and build on individuals' strengths, preferences, and goals.

 
Description of Major Products and Services
  • Emergency services;
  • Acute psychiatric inpatient services;
  • Outpatient services, including counseling and psychotherapy, medication services, intensive in-home services, and assertive community treatment;
  • Case management services;
  • Day support services, including ambulatory crisis stabilization, rehabilitation, and day treatment or partial hospitalization;
  • Employment services, including individual supported, group supported, and sheltered employment;
  • Residential services, including supportive (e.g., supported living arrangement and housing subsidies, supervised (e.g., supervised apartments, domiciliary care, emergency shelter or respite, and sponsored placements), intensive (e.g., group homes), crisis stabilization, and highly intensive (e.g., residential treatment centers) services;
  • Prevention services;
  • Limited services, including consumer monitoring, assessment and evaluation, and early intervention services; and
  • Consumer-run services.
Anticipated Changes

Implementation of recovery-oriented services and supports will incorporate person-centered and trauma informed practices and provide greater integration between peers and providers across various components of the behavioral health services system and with other health, education, and social services systems. The number of recovery support services, peer-provided services and supports and peer support will continue to increase. Federal Community Mental Health Services block grant funds will be focused on priority areas such as integration of behavioral health and primary health services, co-occurring mental illness and substance-use disorders, self-directed care, and prevention and promotion of wellness.

Implementation of the bed registry and extended timeframes for emergency custody orders and temporary detention orders should improve the ability of individuals with behavioral health crises to access needed care. Additional secure therapeutic assessment centers will enable law enforcement officers to transport someone needing mental health evaluation to a secure center instead of the emergency room or jail.

Implementation of Medicaid behavioral health managed care will provide oversight to the community behavioral health provider network, authorize services not currently provided through Medicaid MCOs, and reimburse providers for services delivered.  The Virginia Dual Eligible Demonstration: Commonwealth Coordinated Care Program will coordinate and manage health care, behavioral health, and long term services and supports for individuals who are eligible for both Medicaid and Medicare.

Implementation of integrated primary care and behavioral health care delivery models across Virginia will allow primary care and behavioral health providers with specific clinical expertise to work together to treat the entire person and to emphasize wellness and preventive care, which will improve service quality and outcomes.

Factors Impacting

Demands for community behavioral health and developmental services are expected to increase as Virginia's population grows and more individuals who now have affordable insurance coverage under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act’s Health Benefit Exchanges (marketplaces) seek needed services.

The public services system is experiencing increasing pressures to address significant variations in regional and local service availability and gaps in important basic services and supports such as crisis, emergency, acute inpatient, outpatient, case management, and psychiatry services and recovery-focused housing and employment supports

The Governor’s Task Force on Improving Mental Health Services and Crisis Response and the joint subcommittee established by the 2014 session of the General Assembly to study the mental health system could propose statutory and administrative changes to improve service quality and outcomes and increase access to the range of services, supports, and technologies required to respond to individuals in mental health crisis and their families.

 

This service area is funded with 94% general fund dollars and 6% federal funds. The federal funds are from the Community Mental Health Services (CMHS) Block Grant that is passed through to community programs. CSBs also receive funds from other sources such as local funds, Medicaid, other fees, and other revenues which are not appropriated to CSBs and are not included in this table.  Expenditures for 2014 indicate that 67% of funds are directly tied to programs while 33% is unearmarked funding distributed directly to CSBs.

Biennial Budget
2015
General Fund
2015
Nongeneral Fund
2016
General Fund
2016
Nongeneral Fund
Initial Appropriation for the Biennium192,846,66611,760,000202,534,04611,760,000
Changes to Initial Appropriation0000
 
TitleFile Type
 

Community Developmental Disability Services [44507]

Community Developmental Disability Services funds public developmental services provided by 39 community services boards and one behavioral health authority, hereafter referred to as CSBs, throughout Virginia. CSBs also provide preadmission screening of all requests for admission to training centers. Each CSB provides discharge planning for all individuals who reside or will reside in cities or counties served by the CSB before they are discharged from training centers.

Community developmental services are integrated with other direct services and supports at the local level for individuals with special needs, those receiving services from multiple agencies, and individuals with co-occurring disorders such as an intellectual disability and a mental health disorder or an intellectual disability and a substance use (alcohol or other drug dependence or abuse) disorder.

This service area includes infant and toddler intervention (Part C) services, which are provided through contracts with local lead agencies (LLAs) across Virginia. LLA councils include representatives from a variety of agencies, including CSBs, serving infants and toddlers eligible for services under the Part C program.

 

Community developmental services support the statewide implementation of services that build on the strengths, preferences, and goals of individuals receiving services and and promote inclusion and participation in all aspects of community life, including work, school, family, and other meaningful relationships.

 
Description of Major Products and Services
  • Emergency services;
  • Outpatient services, including behavior management and medication services;
  • Case management services;
  • Day support services, including habilitation;
  • Employment services, including individual supported, group supported, and sheltered employment;
  • Residential services, including supportive (e.g., supported living arrangement and housing subsidies, supervised (e.g., supervised apartments, domiciliary care, emergency shelter or respite, and sponsored placements), intensive (e.g., group homes), crisis stabilization, and highly intensive (e.g., community intermediate care facility (ICF) for individuals with intellectual disability) residential services;
  • Prevention services;
  • Limited services, including consumer monitoring, assessment and evaluation, and early intervention services;
  • Medicaid Intellectual disability waiver services; and
  • Infant and toddler intervention (Part C) services.
Anticipated Changes

Implementation of the settlement agreement between the Commonwealth and the U.S. Department of Justice will significantly expand community-based supports provided in the most integrated setting appropriate to the specific needs of individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities. Enhanced waiver slots that address extensive medical and behavioral challenges will help training center residents who need more intensive medical or behavioral supports to move to integrated community settings. Changes in the three Medicaid home and community based waiver programs serving individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities will provide a needs-based system of supports that is person-focused, responsive to the extensive medical and behavioral needs of individuals receiving services, and aligned to incentives for more integrated environments (e.g., residential supports to include smaller more integrated environments).

Increased enrollment integrated work settings and integrated day programs including supported employment will support employment as an appropriate and viable option for individuals receiving services under the settlement agreement.

Increased accessibility to affordable opportunities to live independently will result in more individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities and their families having more choices of where to live.

New community-based developmental disabilities Regional Health Supports Networks (RHSNs) will provide medical, dental, and behavioral supports in the community as close to individuals' homes as possible.

Factors Impacting

The public developmental services system will experience increasing demand for community-based supports provided in the most integrated setting appropriate to the specific needs of individuals with intellectual or developmental disabilities as Virginia's population grows.  Pressures to increase community services capacity will continue as the approximately 2,000 students who graduate annually from special education classes seek ID waiver or other more flexible developmental services such as intermittent or limited supports to ease their transition from special education programs. 

The number of infants and toddlers served in Part C programs is expected to increase as a result natural population growth, better outreach and case finding efforts, and enhanced child find activities.  Growing numbers of individuals with aging care givers will require developmental services and supports to enable them to continue to reside in their homes or other community settings.

 

This service area includes 82% general fund dollars, 18% federal funds. The federal funds are from the Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities (Early Intervention) grant passed through to community programs. CSBs also receive funds from other sources such as local funds, Medicaid, other fees, and other revenues.  These funds are not appropriated to CSBs and are not included in the Appropriation Act and, therefore, are not included in the following table.  Expenditures for 2014 indicate that 80% of funds are directly tied to programs while 20% is unearmarked funding distributed directly to CSBs.

Biennial Budget
2015
General Fund
2015
Nongeneral Fund
2016
General Fund
2016
Nongeneral Fund
Initial Appropriation for the Biennium39,228,4718,900,00049,378,4718,900,000
Changes to Initial Appropriation0000
 
TitleFile Type